Evaluación de la condición física en niños y jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual: una revisión

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474x/6230

Palabras clave:

aptitud física, discapacidad intelectual, examen físico, niños

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio es identificar los procesos de evaluación de la condición física, empleando test de campo, aplicados en la población con discapacidad intelectual, a partir de la revisión documental de estudios que se han desarrollado entre el 2009 y el 2019. Esta es una investigación descriptiva enfocada en la revisión documental realizada en bases de datos Ebsco, Embase, Pubmed, Science Direct y Scopus con los siguientes criterios de inclusión: se consultaron documentos en inglés, español y portugués, con poblaciones objetivo pediátricas (< 18 años) y acceso completo gratuito. España y Estados Unidos son líderes en la producción de literatura relacionada con la aptitud física relacionada con la salud en estas poblaciones; en América Latina, Brasil lidera la investigación en esta área. Las cualidades físicas como la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria, la fuerza muscular y la resistencia son el área de interés más importante. Eurofit y Brockport Battery son las más utilizadas para evaluar la condición física. El presente estudio permite reconocer los diferentes test y medidas existentes para evaluar la aptitud física en población con discapacidad intelectual, con fines de desarrollar prescripción y diseño de programas de ejercicio físico. Las pruebas Eurofit y Brockport fueron las más utilizadas en población con discapacidad.

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Publicado

01-07-2020

Cómo citar

Camargo Rojas, D. A. ., Alonso, C. D. ., Montenegro Bernal, D. ., Cortés Cortés, P., Escobar Soto, S. ., & Rincón Ortiz, L. M. . (2020). Evaluación de la condición física en niños y jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual: una revisión. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 10(2), 119–149. https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474x/6230