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Diana Alexandra Camargo Rojas https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0922-1603

Carol Daniela Alonso https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0022-7355

Duvan Montenegro Bernal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6409-2202

Patricia Cortés Cortés https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2913-8153

Steffanny Escobar Soto https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3117-5482

Lina Marcela Rincón Ortiz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8922-6190

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio es identificar los procesos de evaluación de la condición física, empleando test de campo, aplicados en la población con discapacidad intelectual, a partir de la revisión documental de estudios que se han desarrollado entre el 2009 y el 2019. Esta es una investigación descriptiva enfocada en la revisión documental realizada en bases de datos Ebsco, Embase, Pubmed, Science Direct y Scopus con los siguientes criterios de inclusión: se consultaron documentos en inglés, español y portugués, con poblaciones objetivo pediátricas (< 18 años) y acceso completo gratuito. España y Estados Unidos son líderes en la producción de literatura relacionada con la aptitud física relacionada con la salud en estas poblaciones; en América Latina, Brasil lidera la investigación en esta área. Las cualidades físicas como la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria, la fuerza muscular y la resistencia son el área de interés más importante. Eurofit y Brockport Battery son las más utilizadas para evaluar la condición física. El presente estudio permite reconocer los diferentes test y medidas existentes para evaluar la aptitud física en población con discapacidad intelectual, con fines de desarrollar prescripción y diseño de programas de ejercicio físico. Las pruebas Eurofit y Brockport fueron las más utilizadas en población con discapacidad. 

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Palabras Clave

aptitud física, discapacidad intelectual, examen físico, niños.

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Cómo citar
Camargo Rojas, D. A., Alonso, C. D., Montenegro Bernal, D., Cortés Cortés, P., Escobar Soto, S., & Rincón Ortiz, L. M. (2020). Evaluación de la condición física en niños y jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual: una revisión. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474x/6230
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