Publicado
17-06-2024

Influence of warm-up, physical activity level, and body fat percentage on the reaction time of punches and kicks in adult kickboxing practitioners

Influencia del calentamiento, nivel de actividad física y porcentaje de grasa corporal en el tiempo de reacción de puñetazos y patadas en practicantes adultos de kickboxing

Influência do aquecimento, nível de atividade física e percentual de gordura corporal no tempo de reação de socos e chutes em praticantes adultos de kickboxing

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.9869
Matheus Rodrigues Gomes
Dirceu Ribeiro Nogueira da Gama
Andressa Oliveira Barros dos Santos
Giullio César Pereira Salustiano Mallen da Silva
Juliana Brandão Pinto de Castro
Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale

Resumen (es)

El objetivo fue investigar la influencia del calentamiento, el nivel de actividad física y los porcentajes de grasa corporal en el tiempo de reacción de los practicantes de kickboxing adultos. Se analizó el nivel de actividad física de veinte kickboxers mediante el instrumento IPAQ-SF, su composición corporal mediante bioimpedancia y su tiempo de reacción mediante TReaction. El golpe directo y la patada sin calentamiento tuvieron los tiempos de reacción más largos (p<0,05). Hubo correlaciones entre el tiempo de reacción de patada sin calentamiento y el porcentaje de grasa (r = 0,524; p = 0,018), y patadas sin calentamiento y nivel de actividad física (r = -0,560; p = 0,010). El nivel de actividad física y el porcentaje de grasa corporal son variables que afectan el tiempo de reacción de patada de los practicantes de kickboxing. Además, el calentamiento tuvo una influencia positiva en la reducción del tiempo de reacción.

Palabras clave (es): actividad física, artes marciales, deportes, deportes de combate, grasa corporal, tiempo de reacción

Resumen (en)

The aim of this present study is to investigate the influence of warm-up, physical activity level, and body fat percentages on the reaction time of punches and kicks in adult kickboxing practitioners. The sample consisted of 20 kickboxing practitioners. Physical activity level was evaluated by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, body composition by electrical bioimpedance, and reaction time by the mobile application TReaction. The direct punch and the kick with no warm-up had the highest reaction times (p<0.05) when compared with after warm-up and after the two-minute rounds. There were correlations between kick with no warm-up reaction time and fat percentage (r=0.524; p=0.018), and kick with no warm-up and physical activity level (r=-0.560; p=0.010). The physical activity level and the percentage of body fat are variables that interfere with kickboxers’ kick reaction time. Furthermore, the warm-up had a positive influence on the reduction of the reaction time of punches.

Palabras clave (en): body fat, combat sports, martial arts, physical activity, reaction time, sports

Resumen (pt)

O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a influência do aquecimento, nível de atividade física e percentuais de gordura corporal no tempo de reação de praticantes adultos de kickboxing. Vinte praticantes de kickboxing tiveram o nível de atividade física analisado pelo instrumento IPAQ-SF, a composição corporal por bioimpedância e o tempo de reação pelo TReaction. O soco direto e o chute sem aquecimento tiveram os maiores tempos de reação (p <0,05). Houve correlações entre o tempo de reação do chute sem aquecimento e o percentual de gordura (r = 0,524; p = 0,018), e chute sem aquecimento e nível de atividade física (r = -0,560; p = 0,010). O nível de atividade física e o percentual de gordura corporal são variáveis que interferem no tempo de reação do chute dos praticantes de kickboxing. Além disso, o aquecimento teve uma influência positiva na redução do tempo de reação dos socos.

Palabras clave (pt): artes marciais, atividade física, esportes, esportes de combate, gordura corporal, tempo de reação
Matheus Rodrigues Gomes, Rio de Janeiro State University

Graduadet in Physical Education, Laboratory of Exercise and Sport, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. matheusrgmv1@gmail.com

Dirceu Ribeiro Nogueira da Gama, Rio de Janeiro State University

PHD in Philosophy, Laboratory of Philosophical Themes in Knowledge Applied to Physical Education and Sports, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. dirceurng@gmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4972-650X

Andressa Oliveira Barros dos Santos, Rio de Janeiro State University

Master in Exercise and Sports Sciences, Laboratory of Exercise and Sport, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. professoraoliveira.andressa@gmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7412-7229

Giullio César Pereira Salustiano Mallen da Silva, Rio de Janeiro State University

Master in Exercise and Sports Sciences, Laboratory of Exercise and Sport, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  giulliocesar.gc@hotmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8701-8550

Juliana Brandão Pinto de Castro, Rio de Janeiro State University

PHD in Exercise and Sports Sciences, Laboratory of Exercise and Sport, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.. julianabrandaoflp@hotmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5656-0782

Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale, Rio de Janeiro State University

PHD in Health Sciences, Laboratory of Exercise and Sport, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. rodrigogsvale@gmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3049-8773

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Cómo citar

Rodrigues Gomes, M., Ribeiro Nogueira da Gama, D., Oliveira Barros dos Santos, A., Pereira Salustiano Mallen da Silva, G. C., Pinto de Castro, J. B., & Gomes de Souza Vale, R. (2024). Influencia del calentamiento, nivel de actividad física y porcentaje de grasa corporal en el tiempo de reacción de puñetazos y patadas en practicantes adultos de kickboxing. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.9869

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