EXPERIMENTO SOBRE PREJUICIO RACIAL: EFECTOS DEL CONTACTO, TOMA DE PERSPECTIVA Y EMPATÍA

Autores/as

  • André Verzoni Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Carolina Lisboa Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15332/22563067.9389

Palabras clave:

Preconcepto racial, Racismo, Hipótesis del contacto, Toma de Perspectiva, Empatía

Resumen

Prejuicio es un fenómeno psicológico, cognitivo y social en el que hay una asignación o juicio negativo dirigido a otro individuo cuya motivación es su pertenencia a un determinado grupo social. Este artículo presenta un experimento que tiene como objetivo investigar la relación entre racismo implícito, toma de perspectiva, empatía y contacto. Participantes (40) escribieron un ensayo narrativo sobre un día en la vida de un hombre negro y joven retratado en una fotografía. La mitad de la muestra recibió instrucciones basadas en la toma de perspectiva-otro y la otra mitad recibió instrucciones para mantenerse objetivo y neutro. Todos los participantes respondieron el Test de Asociación implícita (TAI) sobre el racismo. Los resultados del TAI mostraron neutralidad en relación al racismo implícito en la muestra estudiada. El análisis de los ensayos reveló la ausencia de estereotipos negativos, presencia de contenidos que forman parte de la vida de los propios participantes.

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Publicado

2024-02-01

Cómo citar

Verzoni, A. ., & Lisboa, C. . (2024). EXPERIMENTO SOBRE PREJUICIO RACIAL: EFECTOS DEL CONTACTO, TOMA DE PERSPECTIVA Y EMPATÍA. Diversitas, 19(2). https://doi.org/10.15332/22563067.9389

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