Das causas na Ciência Política:

uma intervenção filosófica necessária

Autores/as

  • Enzo Lenine a:1:{s:5:"es_ES";s:29:"Universidade Federal da Bahia";}
  • Rômulo Machado Universidade Federal da Bahia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15332/25005375.8464

Palabras clave:

causalidade, explicação causal, análise causal, filosofia da ciência, filosofia da ciência política

Resumen

Como as definições de causa e causalidade são estabelecidas na Ciência Política? A explicação causal tornou-se fundamental para a constituição da disciplina como ciência capaz de produzir não só entendimentos, como também previsões acerca dos fenômenos políticos. Porém, a centralidade da causalidade tem sido reduzida à questão da inferência causal, elidindo discussões ontológicas, epistemológicas e metodológicas sobre o significado de causa. Nesse artigo, exploramos os modelos de explicação causal na Filosofia como forma de promover um diálogo entre as concepções de causalidade na Ciência Política para além do problema da inferência causal. Argumentamos que a Ciência Política recorre a diferentes concepções de causalidade, mas seu engajamento com reflexões mais substantivas ainda é limitado. Propomos um canal de diálogo com a literatura do realismo filosófico e suas intervenções sobre poderes causais, capacidades e tendências, as quais oferecem uma base ontológica para as discussões de causalidade na Ciência Política.

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2023-09-01 — Actualizado el 2023-09-01

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Lenine, E., & Machado, R. (2023). Das causas na Ciência Política:: uma intervenção filosófica necessária. Cuadernos De Filosofía Latinoamericana, 44(129), 52–78. https://doi.org/10.15332/25005375.8464

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