Cambios corticales como resultado de lesiones deportivas: Un comentario

Autores/as

  • Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana
  • Universidad de Antioquia
  • Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Texas A&M University
  • University of Wales Trinity Saint David
  • Universidad del País Vasco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.7884

Palabras clave:

mapas corticales, disfunción propioceptiva, inhibición intracortical, control motor, dolor, variabilidad motora, neuroplasticidad

Resumen

En la actualidad, el tratamiento del sistema nervioso central (SNC) y las fluctuaciones neurocognitivas como consecuencia de las lesiones deportivas se considera un área relativamente poco abordada bajo el paradigma de la neurociencia del deporte. Por ejemplo, los cambios neuronales compensatorios (como los cambios corticales del cerebro) y la carga cognitiva pueden crear un bucle de alimentación que afecta a la recuperación y a la recaída después de una lesión musculoesquelética. Aunque se han promovido varias metodologías (por ejemplo, los sistemas de mapeo cerebral, el control inhibitorio y la flexibilidad cognitiva), los déficits neuromusculares no suelen ser evaluados ni intervenidos durante las prácticas de rehabilitación. En este artículo presentamos una descripción actualizada de los cambios más relevantes del SNC después de una lesión, el concepto de mapas somatotópicos y su relación con el control motor, la inhibición intracortical y los procesos de facilitación cortical. También se cubren las estrategias de neuroplasticidad más allá de los enfoques tradicionales basados en la estructura del tejido lesionado; sin embargo, se requiere más investigación para establecer recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia para los profesionales del deporte.

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Publicado

2022-07-01

Cómo citar

Jorge Mario, Jorge L., Jorge A., Salvador, Richard B., & Diego A. (2022). Cambios corticales como resultado de lesiones deportivas: Un comentario: Array. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.7884

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