Perfil del patrón de sueño en deportistas universitarios



Palabras clave:

deporte, estudiantes, rendimiento


El objetivo de la presente investigación es describir y analizar los patrones de sueño de hombres y mujeres deportistas universitarios practicantes de fútbol, baloncesto, voleibol, atletismo, natación y taekwondo. Participaron 114 deportistas (56 hombres, 58 mujeres), quienes durante 7 días utilizaron un acelerómetro modelo wGT3X-BT al momento de dormir. Todas las mediciones fueron realizadas al inicio del periodo de preparación de los deportistas. Se presentaron interacciones entre el sexo y el deporte para la eficiencia de sueño (p = 0.006), el tiempo en despertar (p = 0.016), el tiempo en cama (p = 0.048) y el tiempo de sueño (p = 0.006). La latencia, así como la cantidad y la duración de los despertares, no difieren según el sexo ni el deporte practicado. Independientemente del deporte, los hombres presentan una mayor cantidad (p = 0.046) y duración (p =0.002) de despertares que las mujeres. Se observaron valores de eficiencia y duración de sueño inferiores a los deseados. Se recomienda vigilar los patrones de sueño de los deportistas universitarios, ya que las obligaciones académicas podrían afectar sus hábitos de sueño.


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Cómo citar

Carazo Vargas, P. ., & Moncada Jiménez, J. (2021). Perfil del patrón de sueño en deportistas universitarios. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 11(1), 70–83.

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