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Camila Granados Pérez Eduar Barbosa Caro

Resumen

Este trabajo presenta los resultados de un análisis a la cobertura realizada por el diario The New York Times a los tiroteos escolares de Columbine (1999), Virginia Tech (2007), Sandy Hook (2012) y Marjory Stoneman (2018), considerados como los más letales de Estados Unidos en los últimos 25 años. A través de un análisis de contenido basado en la teoría del framing, el estudio revela que tras el tiroteo de Sandy Hook se presentó un cambio narrativo que se acentuó con el suceso de Marjory Stoneman, con el cual el debate político se convirtió en el protagonista, más allá del suceso en sí mismo. Esto, a su vez, influyó en el ciclo de vida de las noticias. Un análisis del entorno sociopolítico que rodeó cada uno de estos sucesos permitió concluir que, al tiempo que este debate se masificó, los actores políticos relacionados con los hechos adquirieron mayor relevancia, un síntoma de la sociedad cambiante dentro de la cual se desarrollan los eventos. De esta forma, el diario tomó un rol más crítico respecto a su gestión, dando primacía al marco de conflicto sobre el marco de interés humano. Esta relación entre producción noticiosa, sucesos trágicos y política nos permite discutir cómo la voz y el poder de un medio, al reconocer su propio potencial transformador, puede determinar aspectos básicos de la cobertura, como la caracterización de los actores involucrados o los temas en los cuales se hace énfasis en los artículos.

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Palabras Clave

tiroteos masivos, debate de armas, mediatización de la violencia, cobertura mediática, framing

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Cómo citar
Granados Pérez, C., & Barbosa Caro, E. (2021). De balas, política y medios informativos: análisis de la cobertura periodística de tiroteos escolares en The New York Times (1999-2018). Análisis, 53(98). Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.usantotomas.edu.co/index.php/analisis/article/view/6312
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