Publicado
20-12-2023

Ensino de esportes de invasão a participantes sub-11 pelo TGfU: uma revisão sistemática

Teaching Invasion Sports to U-11 Participants in TGfU: a Systematic Review

Jefferson Martins Paixão
Guy Ginciene
Rafael Pombo Menezes

Resumen (es)

O processo de ensino e aprendizagem de esportes coletivos de invasão deve proporcionar oportunidades de ampla participação aos jogadores, o que demanda escolhas metodológicas que priorizem esse aspecto. Bunker e Thorpe (1986) propuseram o Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU), no qual o processo de ensino e aprendizagem pauta-se em princípios comuns (estruturais e funcionais) das modalidades e, por meio de jogos, apresentam situações-problema para que os jogadores tentem solucionar de forma autônoma. O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi identificar e caracterizar os estudos no contexto da iniciação esportiva com o TGfU em modalidades de invasão para crianças de 8 a 11 anos. Foram selecionados 11 estudos com base nas premissas do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses 2020 (Prisma). Foi identificado um aumento no número de estudos nessa temática nos últimos anos, bem como as modalidades, as características das aulas e a formação dos professores. Além disso, algumas lacunas foram identificadas, como a preferência pela elaboração das aulas a partir dos princípios ofensivos e a análise isolada de variáveis de diferentes naturezas (tático-técnica, aspectos físicos e psicossociais).

Palabras clave (es): pedagogia do esporte, esporte coletivo, iniciação esportiva

Resumen (en)

The teaching and learning process of team invasion sports should provide players with extensive participation opportunities, which requires methodological choices that prioritize this aspect. Bunker and Thorpe (1986) proposed Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU), in which the teaching and learning process is based on common principles (structural and functional) of sports and, through games, presents problematic situations for players to try to solve autonomously. The objective of this systematic review was to identify and characterize studies in the context of sport initiation with TGfU in invasive sports for children aged 8 to 11. Eleven studies were selected based on the premises of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2020 (PRISMA). An increase in the number of studies on this topic in recent years was identified, as well as modalities, class characteristics and teacher training. In addition, some gaps were identified, such as the preference for class design based on offensive principles and the isolated analysis of variables of different nature (tactical-technical, physical and psychosocial aspects).

Palabras clave (en): sports pedagogy, team sports, sports initiation
Jefferson Martins Paixão, Escola de Educação Física e Esporte de Ribeirão Preto

Licenciado em Educação Física. Estudante de mestrado em Educação Física e Esporte da Escola de Educação Física e Esporte de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.

Guy Ginciene, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Doutor em Desenvolvimento Humano e Tecnologia. Docente da Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Dança da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Rafael Pombo Menezes, Universidade de São Paulo

Doutor em Educação Física, Docente da Escola de Educação Física e Esporte de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.

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Cómo citar

Martins Paixão, J., Ginciene, G., & Pombo Menezes, R. (2023). Ensino de esportes de invasão a participantes sub-11 pelo TGfU: uma revisão sistemática. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 13(2), 127-144. https://revistas.usantotomas.edu.co/index.php/rccm/article/view/9516