Publicado
20-12-2023

Impact of two physical exercise social programs on seniors fall risk

Impacto de dois programas sociais de exercício físico no risco de quedas em idosos

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.9228
Janaína Alves Camelo
Flávia Porto
Elizabeth Rose Assumpção Harris
Cintia da Penha Santos
Nádia Souza Lima da Silva

Resumen (es)

The aim of this study was to compare the impact of physical exercise on the risk of falls in older adults participating in two social programs. Thirty volunteers participated, divided into two groups: Con Burden (GCC), with 11 women and 4 men (75.4±9.1 years) participating in a university extension project, and Sem Carga (GSC), with 12 women and 3 men (66.9±4.2 years) who exercised at an outdoor gym in the same geographic region. GCCs and GSCs were similar in terms of female predominance, while GCCs are longer-lived (p=0.008). Every participant underwent physical-functional assessment with the Berg Balance Scale. The difference between groups was assessed using the Mann-Whitney test (p ≤ 0.05). Data analysis found no significant difference between the groups regarding the results of the MSA (p=0.2) and both groups had a low risk of falling.

 

Palabras clave (es): aging, balance, fall risks, physical activity

Resumen (pt)

O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o impacto do exercício físico no risco de quedas em idosos que participam de dois programas sociais. Participaram 30 voluntários, divididos em dois grupos: o grupo com carga (GCC), com 11 mulheres e 4 homens (75,4 ± 9,1 anos) participantes de um projeto de extensão universitária, e o grupo sem carga (GSG), com 12 mulheres e 3 homens (66,9 ± 4,2 anos) que se exercitavam em uma academia ao ar livre na mesma região geográfica. Os GCCs e os GSCs eram semelhantes em termos de predominância feminina, enquanto os GCCs tinham maior longevidade (p = 0,008). Todos os participantes foram submetidos a uma avaliação físico-funcional com a Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg. A diferença entre os grupos foi avaliada pelo teste de Mann-Whitney (p ≤ 0,05). A análise dos dados não encontrou diferenças significativas entre os grupos com relação aos escores da MSA (p = 0,2) e ambos os grupos apresentaram baixo risco de quedas.

Palabras clave (pt): envelhecimento, equilíbrio, risco de quedas, atividade física
Janaína Alves Camelo, Universidad Estatal de Río de Janeiro

Licenciada en Educación Física, Profesora de educación física

Flávia Porto, Universidad Estatal de Río de Janeiro

Doctorado en Gerontología Biomédica, Profesor adjunto de educación física.

Elizabeth Rose Assumpção Harris, Universidad Estatal de Río de Janeiro

Máster en Ciencias del Ejercicio y el Deporte, Profesora de educación física.

Cintia da Penha Santos, Universidad Estatal de Río de Janeiro

Máster en Ciencias del Ejercicio y el Deporte.

Nádia Souza Lima da Silva, Universidad Estatal de Río de Janeiro

Doctorado en Educación Física, Profesor adjunto de educación física.

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Cómo citar

Alves Camelo, J., Porto, F., Assumpção Harris E. R., da Penha Santos, C., & Lima da Silva, N. S. (2023). Impact of two physical exercise social programs on seniors fall risk. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 13(2), 12-23. https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.9228