Ejercicio físico en trastornos de ansiedad: una revisión


  • Ángel Esteso De la Osa Universidad Miguel Hernández
  • Eva León-Zarceño Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche



Palabras clave:

salud mental, actividad física, revisión sistemática


La ansiedad es uno de los mayores problemas de salud mental en la sociedad actual. El ejercicio físico se ha planteado como un posible tratamiento para este trastorno. El estudio tuvo un doble objetivo: 1) determinar qué instrumentos de medida y monitorización se usaban para la evaluación de la ansiedad cuando se ponía en marcha un programa de ejercicio físico. 2) Analizar la efectividad del ejercicio físico aplicado para la reducción del trastorno de ansiedad a través de las publicaciones científicas recientes. Se realizó una revisión con método PRISMA, en: PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsycArticles y SPORTDiscus con los descriptores de Anxiety AND Exercise entre 2015-2021. Se obtuvieron 289 documentos iniciales. Al aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se seleccionaron 22 estudios para analizar. El STAI sigue siendo el instrumento más utilizado. El ejercicio físico se ha demostrado como una pauta válida en la reducción de ansiedad y la mejora de la salud mental.

Biografía del autor/a

Ángel Esteso De la Osa, Universidad Miguel Hernández

Graduado en Ciencias de la actividad física y el deporte por la Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche. (España)

Eva León-Zarceño, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

Dra en Psicología. Máster en Psicología del Deporte. Profesora de Psicología de la actividad física y el Deporte de la Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche (España).


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Cómo citar

Esteso De la Osa, Ángel, & León-Zarceño, E. (2022). Ejercicio físico en trastornos de ansiedad: una revisión. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.7067