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Lídia Gontijo Vieira https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7703-5514

Maria Eliza Martins Ferreira https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7816-2304

Anderson Miguel Cruz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8116-6904

Resumen




Las lesiones de rodilla son comunes en los atletas y la recurrencia después de la primera lesión ocurre también en la mayoría de casos. Por tanto, el número de estudios sobre este tema va en aumento, pero son pocos los estudios que relacionen el tema y sus consecuencias con el período de desentrenamiento, aunque este período puede traer grandes pérdidas. Para identificar estos factores de riesgo se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en las bases de datos PubMed y la Coordenación de Perfeccionamiento de Personal de Nivel Superior, utilizando la estrategia de búsqueda PICOT. De los 354 artículos identificados, 12 cumplieron los criterios y fueron analizados en su totalidad, considerando la hipótesis de una correlación entre lesiones de rodilla y desentrenamiento. De ahí, se concluyó que es necesario elaborar un protocolo de desentrenamiento prolongado para prevenir el síndrome de abstinencia y promover el mantenimiento de la salud de los deportistas, especialmente los que han sufrido lesiones de rodilla. Finalmente, se sugiere una mayor investigación sobre el tema para confirmar la correlación.


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Palabras Clave

desportista, salud, desentrenamiento, lesiones de rodilla

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Cómo citar
Gontijo Vieira, L., Martins Ferreira, M. E., & Cruz, A. M. (2021). Lesiones de rodilla en deportistas: período de desentrenamiento. Cuerpo, Cultura Y Movimiento, 11(1), 84-100. https://doi.org/10.15332/2422474X.6470
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