Publicado
2013-07-01

Efectos de la escopolamina a corto y largo plazo en la memoria y las habilidades conceptuales

Effects of Short- And Long-Term Scopolamine Intoxication on Memory and Conceptual Skills

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/s1794-9998.2013.0002.07
Sandra Milena Camelo Roa
Alfredo Ardila

Resumen (es)

El uso de este tóxico en Colombia con fines delincuenciales representa un problema social y de salud de proporciones inmensurables, de ahí la importancia de conocer sus efectos a corto y largo plazo en la memoria y las habilidades conceptuales. Se evaluaron los efectos de la intoxicación por escopolamina sobre memoria, categorización y clasificación en 20 sujetos, entre 15 y 60 años. Se utilizó un diseño prospectivo con dos mediciones. Los sujetos fueron evaluados a los cinco días después de egresar de la clínica y a los seis meses. Los no expuestos se evaluaron paralelamente en los dos momentos de la evaluación, por medio de la prueba de memoria de Wechsler, el test de la figura de Rey-Osterrieth, el test de clasificación de tarjetas de Wisconsin y la subprueba de matrices progresivas del WAIS III. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que la intoxicación por escopolamina provoca deterioro en la memoria y las habilidades conceptuales tanto a corto como a largo plazo.

Palabras clave (es): escopolamina, intoxicación, memoria, habilidades conceptuales

Resumen (en)

The intoxication by scopolamine is the second cause of acute intoxication in Bogotá and probably in others cities of Colombia. The use of this toxic in criminal attacks represents a social and health problem of immeasurable proportions. The knowledge of its long term effects in cognitive functions as the memory and conceptual abilities is scarce. In this investigation the effects of intoxication by scopolamine were evaluated in tow different times between a group of 20 people into the 15 and 60 years old, using categorization and classification upon memory and conceptual abilities. The first evaluation was carried out five days after clinic treatments and the second evaluation was made six months later. As the exposed group and as a non exposed group was evaluated parallelly in both moments of the evaluation with the Wechsler memory test, the figure of Rey-Osterrieth test, the Classification of Cards of Wisconsin test, and the progressive matrix of WAIS III subtest. The results suggest that the intoxication by scopolamine causes deterioration in memory and conceptual abilities in short and long term.

Palabras clave (en): scopolamine, intoxication, memory, conceptual abilities.

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Camelo Roa, S. M., & Ardila, A. (2013). Efectos de la escopolamina a corto y largo plazo en la memoria y las habilidades conceptuales. Diversitas, 9(2), 335-346. https://doi.org/10.15332/s1794-9998.2013.0002.07