Publicado
2013-07-01

Respuesta electrodérmica y expresiones faciales de niños que entablan un juego de ficción relacionado con comportamientos de agresión

Electrodermal Response and Facial Expressions of Children who Engage in Pretense Play Related with Aggressive Behaviors

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/s1794-9998.2013.0002.05
Natalia Gómez-Sicard
Lina Caicedo
María José Uribe
Cristina Arbeláez
Carolina Maya
Carlos Velasco
Alejandro Salgado-Montejo

Resumen (es)

En Colombia existe un alto porcentaje de niños y jóvenes que despliegan o son víctimas de conductas agresivas en el contexto escolar. Existe evidencia que muestra que estas conductas están asociadas con dificultades en la regulación emocional y en los procesos de teoría de la mente. Se llevaron a cabo seis estudios de caso a niños entre los 4 y 8 años de edad. A los participantes del estudio se les presentó un cuestionario en donde se planteaban situaciones conflictivas y buscaba fomentar el juego de ficción. Se evaluó la respuesta electrodérmica y las expresiones faciales durante la entrevista. Se presentó una mayor frecuencia de expresiones faciales y cambios en la respuesta electrodérmica cuando la agresión, en las situaciones conflictivas, era intencional y dirigida a un sujeto. Las emociones más frecuentes, registradas en la expresión facial, fueron rabia, tristeza y desprecio. Los resultados de este estudio, sugieren que las expresiones faciales y la respuesta electrodérmica pueden ser medidas interesantes para estudiar la regulación emocional y las conductas agresivas.

Palabras clave (es): conducta agresiva, matoneo, activación emocional, teoría de la mente, emoción, juego de ficción.

Resumen (en)

Colombia displays a high percentage of children and teenagers that deploy or are victims of aggressive behaviour in the school. There is evidence that shows that these behaviours are associated with difficulties during emotion regulation and in theory of mind. Six case studies were developed in children between 4 and 8 years of age. A questionnaire that involved conflict situations and that sought to promote pretense play was presented to participants. Facial expressions and electrodermic responses were evaluated during the interview. A higher frequency of facial expressions and changes in electrodermic response were recorded when the aggression, in the conflict situations, was intentional and directed towards a person. The most frequent facial expressions of emotion were anger, sadness, and contempt. The results of the present study suggest that facial expressions and electrodermic response could be interesting measures to study emotion regulation and aggressive behaviour.

Palabras clave (en): aggressive behavior, bullying, emotional activation, theory of mind, emotion, pretense play.

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Cómo citar

Gómez-Sicard, N., Caicedo, L., Uribe, M. J., Arbeláez, C., Maya, C., Velasco, C., & Salgado-Montejo, A. (2013). Respuesta electrodérmica y expresiones faciales de niños que entablan un juego de ficción relacionado con comportamientos de agresión. Diversitas, 9(2), 305-318. https://doi.org/10.15332/s1794-9998.2013.0002.05

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